Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
What is class C drugs in pregnancy?
Category C: Studies in animals have revealed adverse effects on the fetus and there are no controlled studies in women, or studies in women and animals are not available. Drugs from this class can be given to pregnant women if the benefit to the mother outweighs the risk to the fetus.
What category drug is safe during pregnancy?
Category B drugs include prenatal vitamins, acetaminophen and several other medications used routinely and safely during pregnancy. If there is a clinical need for a Category B drug, it is considered safe to use it.
What does pregnancy risk factor C mean?
Category C: Either studies in animals have revealed adverse effects on the fetus (teratogenic or embryocidal, or other) and there are no controlled studies in women or studies in women and animals are not available. Drugs should be given only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
What medications are unsafe during pregnancy?
What medicines should you avoid during pregnancy?
- Bismuth subsalicylate (such as Pepto-Bismol).
- Phenylephrine or pseudoephedrine, which are decongestants. …
- Cough and cold medicines that contain guaifenesin. …
- Pain medicines like aspirin and ibuprofen (such as Advil and Motrin) and naproxen (such as Aleve).
Which antibiotic is safe in pregnancy?
Antibiotics such as beta-lactams, vancomycin, nitrofurantoin, metronidazole, clindamycin, and fosfomycin are generally considered safe and effective in pregnancy. Fluoroquinolones and tetracyclines are generally avoided in pregnancy.
What drugs are in category A?
Category A Drugs
- Thiamine, Pyridoxine, Folic acid.
- Docusate, Senna, Bisacodyl.
Can nifedipine harm my baby?
Conclusions: The dihydropyridine group of calcium channel blockers (type II calcium blockers) and, specifically, nifedipine are safe for use in pregnancy. They have little teratogenic or fetotoxic potential.
Which antibiotic can cause abortion?
Macrolides, quinolones, tetracyclines, sulfonamides and metronidazole were associated with an increased risk of “spontaneous abortion,” meaning loss of pregnancy before the 20th week of gestation. The study doesn’t prove cause and effect.
What should you avoid in early pregnancy?
What Should I Avoid During My First Trimester?
- Avoid smoking and e-cigarettes. …
- Avoid alcohol. …
- Avoid raw or undercooked meat and eggs. …
- Avoid raw sprouts. …
- Avoid certain seafood. …
- Avoid unpasteurized dairy products and unpasteurized juices. …
- Avoid processed meats such as hot dogs and deli meats. …
- Avoid too much caffeine.
What are the most common drugs used during pregnancy?
The most commonly used substance in pregnancy is nicotine, followed by alcohol, marijuana and cocaine 7,8. However, polysubstance use is as high as 50% in some studies 7,9. Recently, there has been an increase in opiate use in pregnancy.